What are the components of an appraisal?Getting real estate is the largest investment many of us could ever make. Whether it's where you raise your family, a second vacation home or a rental fixer upper, the purchase of real property is a detailed transaction that requires multiple people working in concert to see it through.
You're probably familiar with the parties having a role in the transaction. The most known entity in the exchange is the real estate agent. Then, the lender provides the money necessary to finance the exchange. The title company makes sure that all details of the sale are completed and that the title is clear to transfer to the buyer from the seller.
So who makes sure the value of the real estate is consistent with the amount being paid? In comes the appraiser. We provide an unbiased opinion of what a buyer might expect to pay - or a seller receive - for a parcel of real estate, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A professional New York licensed appraiser from Shattuck Appraisal will ensure you as an interested party are informed.
The inspection is where an appraisal startsOur first duty at Shattuck Appraisal is to inspect the property to determine its true status. We must see aspects of the property hands on, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, living areas, etc., to ensure they indeed are there and are in the shape a typical person would expect them to be. The inspection often includes a sketch of the floor plan, ensuring the square footage is accurate and illustrating the layout of the property. Most importantly, we identify any obvious amenities - or defects - that would have an impact on the value of the house.
Back at the office, we use two or three approaches when determining the value of the property: paired sales analysis and, in the case of a rental property, an income approach.
Replacement CostHere, we gather information on local building costs, labor rates and other elements to determine how much it would cost to replace the property being appraised. This estimate usually sets the upper limit on what a property would sell for. The cost approach is also the least used method.
Sales ComparisonAppraisers become very familiar with the communities in which they work. We thoroughly understand the value of specific features to the people of that area. Then, the appraiser researches recent sales in close proximity to the subject and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the property at hand. Using knowledge of the value of certain items such as remodeled rooms, types of flooring, energy efficient items, patios and porches, or extra storage space, we adjust the comparable properties so that they more accurately portray the features of subject.
Valuation Using the Income ApproachA third method of valuing a property is sometimes applied when an area has a reasonable number of renter occupied properties. In this scenario, the amount of income the real estate yields is taken into consideration along with other rents in the area for comparable properties to determine the current value.
Coming Up With the Final ValueAnalyzing the data from all applicable approaches, the appraiser is then ready to state an estimated market value for the property in question. The estimate of value at the bottom of the appraisal report is not necessarily what's being paid for the property even though it is likely the best indication of a property's market value There are always mitigating factors such as the seller's desire to get out of the property, urgency or 'bidding wars' that may adjust the final price up or down. Regardless, the appraised value is typically used as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than they could get back in the event they had to put the property on the market again. The bottom line is: An appraiser from Shattuck Appraisal will help you discover the most accurate property value, so you can make the most informed real estate decisions.